Range History

Flames of Discontent: The 1916 Minnesota Iron Ore Strike

Preface: Kitchen Table Politics

THIS WEEK IN RANGE HISTORY EDITOR’S NOTE: The following pages of “This Week in Range History” are the preface and introduction to author Gary Kaunonen’s 2017 book. Kaunonen is an independent historian of labor and immigration and a documentary filmmaker based in International Falls, MN. He is author of three books, including the award-winning “Challenge Accepted: A Finnish Immigrant Response […]

Flames of Discontent: The 1916 Minnesota Iron Ore Strike

Introduction: Workers’ Rights, Immigrant Voices

On June 2, 1916, forty mostly immigrant mine workers from the St. James Mine in Aurora, Minnesota, walked off the job. This seemingly small labor disturbance would mushroom into one of the region’s, if not the nation’s, most contentious and significant battles between organized labor and management in the early twentieth century. By mid- June, the forty disgruntled mine workers […]

Andrew Carnegie, steel industrialist

He called on the rich to improve society

THIS WEEK IN RANGE HISTORY A ndrew Carnegie (Nov. 25, 1835—Aug. 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist. Carnegie led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century and is often identified as one of the richest people (and richest Americans). He became a leading philanthropist in the United States and in the […]

Carnegie libraries

One of the largest philanthropic activities in history

THIS WEEK IN RANGE HISTORY A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. A total of 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built between 1883 and 1929, including some belonging to public and university library systems. 1,689 were built in the United States, 660 in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 125 in Canada, […]

Minnesota’s 66 Carnegie libraries

Sixty-five public libraries were built in Minnesota from grants totaling $969,375 awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1918. In addition, Hamline University in St. Paul was awarded a $30,000 grant on March 12, 1906, to construct an academic library. In Minnesota grants were given between 1899 and 1918. Of Minnesota’s 66 original Carnegie libraries, 48 […]


The Edsel: Ford’s “problem child”

Jack Gentilini, Louis Gentilini, Sr. and Louis Gentilini, Jr. are pictured on Aug. 6, 1963, receiving awards for outstanding sales from a Buick representative. Submitted photos.VIRGINIA – Whatever the reason, whatever the cause, the Edsel died at age… Please register for a free account or log in below to access this content. Username Password Remember Me     Forgot Password

Toy guns, Roy Rogers and the good guys always win

The era of TV Westerns

Illustration by Doug Nelson. THIS WEEK IN RANGE HISTORY When I was born in the late 1950s, Westerns dominated network television. I grew up on a steady diet of them and I’ve yet to tire of them to this very day. It was a common sight back then … Please register for a free account or log in below to […]

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