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2017-04-21 / Health

Child abuse, neglect reports rise dramatically

April is Child Abuse Prevention Month

The number of Minnesota children suspected of being abused or neglected grew significantly in 2016. More than 39,500 children were the subject of reports, a 25 percent increase from 2015. Of those children, 16,400 were part of child maltreatment investigations, a 43 percent increase over the previous year.

Minnesota has adopted a range of strategies to address this issue. Gov. Mark Dayton recently proposed additional investments to strengthen safety and stability for children, including changes that will improve policies and practices at the local level.

Preventing child abuse before it occurs must be an important part of our approach, said Jim Koppel, an assistant commissioner for the Minnesota Department of Human Services. During April, Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Month, Koppel encourages all Minnesotans to play a part in supporting children and their parents.

“While it is our job in counties, tribes and at the Minnesota Department of Human Services to protect children from abuse and neglect, all of us—every caring adult in Minnesota—has a role to play to prevent harm from ever happening,” Koppel said.

Abuse and neglect can occur in all types of families, regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status or educational achievements. Families who are struggling, including those stressed by the difficulties of poverty, unemployment, chemical dependency and who have little access to social supports, are particularly at risk. A number of factors contribute to the recent spike in child protection cases, including increased awareness about child protection issues, changes in how reports are reviewed and a growing opioid crisis.

State and local government, community organizations and others have formal resources to help families reduce the sources of stress, including economic supports, nutritional assistance, parenting classes, and chemical and mental health treatment.

“While these resources are helpful, we can be a second pair of eyes, noticing when stressed-out parents have reached their limit, and offer them a break,” Koppel said. “We can be a second pair of ears when we hear angry voices and loud noises in homes where young children are present, and try to help diffuse these situations before they become crisis.”

To help families who are struggling to keep children safe, Minnesotans can:

• Listen to parents to understand what
they are thinking and ask them to share
some of the joys and challenges of parenting. • Build friendships with parents—offer
to go with them to the library, the park
and community events so they don’t feel
isolated.
• Encourage parents to participate in
classes to learn about child development. • Set an example by practicing nurturing
and patience with children.
• Offer parents a break by watching their
children or encouraging them to rely on
their family members and friends who
can help.
• Encourage parents to seek outlets—reading, exercising and spending time with
friends—to relieve their stress.

“The results of doing nothing can be costly, leading to depression, substance abuse, learning difficulties, early pregnancies, unhealthy relationships and difficulty in school for children,” Koppel said. “We must focus on helping and nurturing children, and supporting their parents.”

More information on preventing child abuse and neglect is available on the department’s fact sheet.

To report suspected abuse or neglect, visit the department’s webpage (mn.gov/ dhs).

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